Appendix A: Definitions

The following definitions apply for purposes of the CA Practices and Procedures Guide.

ADMINISTRATIVE INCIDENTS" are serious and emergent incidents involving CA clients, staff and providers.

ADOPTION SUPPORT AGREEMENT” means a written contract between the adoptive parent(s) and the department that identifies the specific support available to the adoptive parent(s) and other terms and conditions of the agreement.

"AFTERCARE SERVICES” means the provision of less intensive, ongoing services to youth and their families following the youth’s discharge from residential care or in-home services.

AGE OR DEVELOPMENTALLY-APPROPRIATE” means activities or items that are generally accepted as suitable for children of the same chronological age or level of maturity or that are determined to be developmentally-appropriate for a child, based on the development of cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral capacities that are typical for an age or age group; and  in the case of a specific child, activities or items that are suitable for the child based on the developmental stages attained by the child with respect to the cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral capacities of the child.

"AT-RISK YOUTH" means a juvenile who:

  1. Is absent from home for at least 72 consecutive hours without consent of his or her parent.
  2. Is beyond the control of his or her parent such that the child's behavior endangers the health, safety, or welfare of the child or any other person.
  3. Has a substance abuse problem for which there are no pending criminal charges related to the substance abuse.

RCW 13.32A.030

BEHAVIOR REHABILITATION SERVICES”: See “After-Care Services,” “Continuum of Care,” “Group Care,” In-Home Services,” “Residential Care,” “Staffed Treatment Foster Care,” and “Treatment Foster Care.”

BORROWED FOSTER HOME” means the placement and supervision by an agency of child(ren) in a foster family home licensed or certified by another agency, with the permission of that agency.

"Caregiver" means an adult living in the home permanently or semi-permanently and has routine responsibility for childcare. This may be the other legally responsible adult, another adult relative or a live-in partner. It may also be any other adult with regular ongoing time in the home and has routine responsibility for childcare.

"CASE PLAN" means a written statement by the social worker of the anticipated activities, including service agreements, which are planned in the conduct of the case.

CERTIFICATION FOR ADOPTION” means a person or persons constituting a household have submitted an application for adoption to the department or a child placing agency, have had a satisfactory home study completed, and have been determined suitable as adoptive parent or parents.

"CHILD," "JUVENILE," and "YOUTH" mean any unemancipated individual who is under the chronological age of 18 years. RCW 13.32A.030


CPS WAC Definitions of CA/N

Child abuse or neglect means the injury, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under circumstances which indicate that the child's health, welfare, and safety is harmed. An abused child is a child who has been subjected to child abuse or neglect as defined in this section.

  1. Physical abuse means the non-accidental infliction of physical injury or physical mistreatment on a child. Physical abuse includes, but is not limited to, such actions as:
    1. Throwing, kicking, burning, or cutting a child;
    2. Striking a child with a closed fist;
    3. Shaking a child under age three;
    4. Interfering with a child's breathing;
    5. Threatening a child with a deadly weapon;
    6. Doing any other act that is likely to cause and which does cause bodily harm greater than transient pain or minor temporary marks or which is injurious to the child's health, welfare and safety.
  2. Physical discipline of a child, including the reasonable use of corporal punishment, is not considered abuse when it is reasonable and moderate and is inflicted by a parent or guardian for the purposes of restraining or correcting the child.
    1. The age, size, and condition of the child, and the location of any inflicted injury shall be considered in determining whether the bodily harm is reasonable or moderate.
    2. Other factors may include the developmental level of the child and the nature of the child's misconduct.
    3. A parent's belief that it is necessary to punish a child does not justify or permit the use of excessive, immoderate or unreasonable force against the child.
  3. Sexual abuse means committing or allowing to be committed any sexual offense against a child as defined in the criminal code.
    1. The intentional touching, either directly or through the clothing, of the sexual or other intimate parts of a child or allowing, permitting, compelling, encouraging, aiding, or otherwise causing a child to engage in touching the sexual or other intimate parts of another for the purpose of gratifying the sexual desire of the person touching the child, the child, or a third party.
    2. A parent or guardian of a child, a person authorized by the parent or guardian to provide childcare for the child, or a person providing medically recognized services for the child, may touch a child in the sexual or other intimate parts for the purposes of providing hygiene, child care, and medical treatment or diagnosis.
  4. Sexual exploitation includes, but is not limited to, sex trafficking and commercial exploitation as those term are defined by law. Sexual exploitation also includes, but is not limited to, such actions as allowing, compelling, encouraging, aiding, or otherwise causing a child to participate in one or more of the following:
    1. Any sex act when anything of value is given to or received by any person for the sex act;
    2. Sexually explicit, obscene or pornographic activity to be photographed, filmed, or electronically reproduced or transmitted;
    3. Sexually explicit, obscene or pornographic activity as part of a live performance, or for the benefit or sexual gratification of another person.
  5. Negligent treatment or maltreatment means an act or a failure to act, or the cumulative effects of a pattern of conduct, behavior, or inaction, on the part of a child's parent, legal custodian, guardian, or caregiver that shows a serious disregard of the consequences to the child and creates a clear and present danger to the child's health, welfare, or safety. 
    1. When considering whether a clear and present danger exists, evidence of a parent's substance abuse as a contributing factor must be given great weight.
    2. The fact that the siblings share a bedroom is not, in and of itself, negligent treatment or maltreatment.
    3. Poverty, homelessness, or exposure to domestic violence perpetuated against someone other than the child does not, in and of itself, constitute negligent treatment or maltreatment.
    4. A child does not have to suffer actual damage or physical or emotional harm to be in circumstances that create a clear and present danger to the child's health, welfare, or safety.
    5. Negligent treatment or maltreatment may include, but is not limited to one or more of the following:
      1. Failure to provide adequate food, shelter, clothing, supervision, or health care necessary for a child's health, welfare, or safety, such that the failure shows a serious disregard of the consequence to the child and creates a clear and present danger to the child's health, welfare, or safety;​
      2. Actions, failures to act, or omissions that result in injury or risk of injury to the physical, emotional, and/or cognitive development of a child, such that it shows a serious disregard of the consequences to the child and creates a clear and present danger to the child's health, welfare, or safety;
      3. The cumulative effects of a pattern of conduct, behavior, or inaction by a parent or guardian in providing for the physical, emotional or developmental needs of the child, such that it shows a serious disregard of the consequences to the child and creates a clear and present danger to the child's health, welfare, or safety;
      4. The effects of chronic failure on the part of a parent or guardian to perform basic parental functions, obligations, or duties that causes injury or substantial risk of injury to the physical, emotional, or cognitive development of the child, such that it shows a serious disregard of the consequences to the child and creates a clear and present danger to the child's health, welfare, or safety. ​
  6. A Parent or guardian abandons a child when the parent or guardian is responsible for the care, education, or support of a child and:
    1. Deserts the child in any manner whatever with the intent to abandon the child;
    2. Leaves a child without the means or ability to obtain one or more of the basic necessities of life such as food, water, shelter, clothing, hygiene, and medically necessary health care; or
    3. Forgoes for an extended period of time parental rights, functions, duties and obligations despite an ability to exercise such rights, duties, and obligations.
  7. Abandonment of a child by a parent may be established by conduct on the part of a parent or guardian that demonstrates a substantial lack of regard for the rights, duties, and obligations of the parent or guardian or for the health, welfare, and safety of the child. Criminal activity or incarceration of a parent or guardian does not constitute abandonment in and of themselves, but a pattern of criminal activity or repeated or long term incarceration may constitute abandonment of a child.

"CHILD ACTION PLAN" means the services and tasks that are provided to the child and placement provider as necessary to support the placement and meet the needs of the child while in out-of-home care. The Child Action Plan includes objectives and tasks pertaining to the following:

  • Educational needs
  • Medical needs
  • Social needs
  • Psychological needs
  • Cultural needs
  • Independent living needs

“CHILD AND FAMILY TEAM (CFT)” means a group of people established by the family and WISe agency that consists of family members and other people connected to them through natural, community, and formal support relationships. The CFT develops and implements the family’s plan, addresses unmet needs, works toward the child, youth or family’s vision and team mission, and monitors progress regularly to revise and refine the plan of care.

"CHILD IN NEED OF SERVICES (CHINS)" means a juvenile who:

  1. Is beyond the control of his or her parent such that the child's behavior endangers the health, safety, or welfare of the child or other person.
  2. Has been reported to law enforcement as absent without consent for at least 24 consecutive hours from the parent's home, a crisis residential center, an out-of-home placement, or a court-ordered placement on two or more separate occasions and has exhibited:
    1. A serious substance abuse problem or
    2. Behaviors that create a serious risk of harm to the health, safety, and welfare of the child or any other person.
  3. Is in need of necessary services, including food, shelter, health care, clothing, educational, or services designed to maintain or reunite the family, and
    1. Who lacks access, or has declined, to utilize these services.
    2. Whose parents have evidenced continuing but unsuccessful efforts to maintain the family structure or are unable or unwilling to continue efforts to maintain the family structure

"CHILD IN NEED OF SERVICES (CHINS) PETITION" means a petition filed in juvenile court by a parent, child, or the department seeking adjudication of placement of the child. RCW 13.32A.030

CHILD PLACING AGENCY” means an agency which places a child or children for temporary care, continued care, or for adoption.

CLIENT" means, for the purposes of defining a child client is a child (or youth up to age 21) in the care, custody, and/or supervision of the Children's Administration and/or the Department of Social and Health Services as it relates to services CA provides.

"COMMERCIALLY SEXUALLY EXPLOITED CHILD" (see also SEX TRAFFICKING VICTIM) means a child who has not attained 18 years of age who is induced to perform any sex act on account of which anything of value is given to or received by any person.

"COMMUNITY NETWORK" means working relationships between DCFS, cultural consultants, key informants (lay/professional person), natural helpers (extended families, folk healers), and other agencies to develop cultural responsiveness.

"COMPELLING REASON” means, for purposes of the Adoption and Safe Families Act and RCW, a factor in case planning that presents an unusual circumstance that makes necessary a decision which would not normally be made for a child or family. “Compelling Reason” includes, but is not necessary limited to:

  1. Circumstances in which a child:
    1. Is over age 14 and is opposed, following a discussion with the caseworker of the alternatives, to adoption as a permanent plan;
    2. Has significant ties to the child’s family which are positive and expected to be on-going and would be disrupted by termination of parental rights;
    3. Is in placement for reasons other than abuse, neglect, abandonment, or no parent able or willing to care for the child (e, g., children in care due to the risk they pose to others, due to behavioral management issues, etc.);
    4. Does not have a permanent placement resource identified and for whom there is significant risk that an adoptive resource will not be found; or
    5. Has other unique situations described in the court report by the caseworker that constitute compelling reasons not to file a petition to terminate parental rights.
  2. The supervising agency is required to recruit, identify, and process a permanency placement resource for a child when a permanent plan other than reunification is identified for the child. In unusual circumstances, it may be appropriate to leave a child in a temporary placement setting until the court decision-making process is completed or in order to meet the treatment needs of the child.
  3. The court or CA has determined that:
    1. A birth parent is considering relinquishment within a reasonable time to free the child for adoption.
    2. A non-offending parent is pursuing an alternate permanent plan.
    3. A professional assessment of the child has determined the child is unable to remain within a family setting.
  4. The parent is incarcerated and:
    1. The incarceration is the only reason for filing the TPR; and
    2. The court has determined the parent maintains a meaningful role in the child’s life.
  5. The child’s Tribe is opposed to adoption and has identified another acceptable permanency plan for the child per RCW 13.38.150.

"COMPLIANCE AGREEMENT" means a written plan approved by DSHS which identifies deficiencies in Contractor’s performance, describes the steps a contractor must take to correct the deficiencies, and sets forth timeframes the contractor must meet in order to return to  compliance within the terms of the contract.

"CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT" is the complete process of identifying, describing and analyzing strengths and problems and then testing, implementing, learning from and revising solutions; the ongoing process by which the agency makes decisions and evaluates it's progress.

CONTINUUM OF CARE” means provision of care from in-home services to highly structured residential care and the ability to provide appropriate services to the child/family.

"CONTRACT" is a legally binding written agreement between DSHS and another public or private entity for the provision of goods or services. Terms such as Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) or Service Level Agreement (SLA) may also be used to refer to contracts falling within the scope of the Contracts policy.

"CONTRACT FORMAT" means an electronic or hard copy contract template developed or approved by Central Contracts Legal Service. A contract format includes but is not limited to: data elements, general terms and conditions, and special terms and conditions. All approved contract formats are available in the Agency Contract Database for use by authorized staff.

"CONTRACT RESOURCES" means the Regional and Statewide Contract Directories on the Intranet/Internet, as well as the Regional Contract/Program Managers.

"CONTRACTED AND/OR LICENSED PROVIDER":The individuals or entity performing services pursuant to contracting with Children's Administration.

"CRITICAL INCIDENT" is an event that requires an immediate and thorough response, notification, information gathering and communication.  All critical incidents are reported through the Administrative Incident Reporting System (AIRS) and in some high profile situations may require an initial phone call alert to headquarters staff. Critical incidents include:

  • Fatality or near fatality of a child with an open case.
  • Fatality or near fatality of a child which services were provided to the family within 12 months preceding the child's death or near fatality, including information only referrals.
  • High profile event receiving media coverage and involves an individual or family for whom we have provided services.

"CULTURAL COMPETENCE" means a set of behaviors and attitudes that enables individuals working with a child or family to learn about or recognize the cultural context of a situation and to integrate that knowledge into an action.

"CULTURAL CONSULTANTS" means culturally competent individuals recognized by the department and/or client as a resource to help assess and/or resolve problems relating to cultural issues.

"CULTURAL DIVERSITY" means the distinguishable differences in life styles, values, traditions, religions, etc.

"CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE" means a pattern of behaviors that incorporates and acknowledges the importance of cultures (competence), the assessment of cross-culture relations (literate), vigilance towards the dynamics that result from cultural difference (effective), the expansion of cultural knowledge and the adaptation of services to meet culturally unique needs (relevant).

"CULTURE" means the integrated pattern of human behavior including thought, communication, actions, customs, beliefs, values, institutions, of a racial, ethnic, religious or social group.

"CUSTODIAN" means the person or entity who has the legal right to the custody of the child. RCW 13.32A.030

"DESK REVIEW" means a monitoring activity comprised of reviewing information including but not limited to the contractor’s payment and billing system, and reports to verify contract compliance.


  1. Adolescent - a child age 12 but less than 18 years.
  2. Child - a born person less than 18 years.
  3. Fetus - the unborn child.
  4. Infant - a child from birth until one year of age.
  5. Toddler - a child age one but less than six years.

"DLR COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW": The Comprehensive Review is a thorough review of the BRS contractor or other contracted and/or licensed provider's ability to meet licensing, contracts, and programming requirements. It includes an onsite review, completion of approved forms and tools, and a final report.

"DOCUMENTED MEDICAL CONDITION" is any physical or mental health condition documented by a licensed health care provider that may be temporary or permanent, including but not limited to, a physical injury or a physical or behavioral health condition.

A "documented medical condition" may include physiological, mental, or psychological conditions or disorders, including but not limited to, orthopedic, visual, speech, and hearing impairments.

"ETHNIC" means a group designated by customs, characteristics, language, common history and/or racial affiliation.

"ETHNOGRAPHIC INTERVIEWING" means communication with a member of another culture to identify the:

  1. Key cultural differences.
  2. Meaning of those cultural practices and norms.

"EXTENDED FAMILY MEMBER" means an adult who is a grandparent, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, uncle, aunt, or first cousin with whom the child has a relationship and is comfortable and who is willing and available to care for the child. RCW 13.32A.030

“EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES” (in relation to adoption support) means a finding by an administrative law judge or a review judge that one or more certain qualifying conditions or events prevented an otherwise eligible child from being placed on the adoption support program prior to adoption.

"FAMILY PRESERVATION SERVICES" means in-home or community-based services drawing on the strengths of the family and its individual members while addressing family needs to strengthen and keep the family together where possible and may include:

  1. Respite care of children to provide temporary relief for parents and other care givers.
  2. Services designed to improve parenting skills with respect to such matters as child development, family budgeting, coping with stress, health, safety, and nutrition.
  3. Services designed to promote the well-being of children and families, increase the strength and stability of families, increase parents' confidence and competence in their parenting abilities, promote a safe, stable, and supportive family environment for children, and otherwise enhance children's development.

RCW 74.14C.010

FOSTER CARE” means placement of a child by the department or a licensed child placing agency in a home or facility licensed pursuant to chapter 74.15 RCW or in a home or facility that is not required to be licensed pursuant to chapter 74.15 RCW.

FOSTER FAMILY CARE” means care and supervision provided on a 24-hour basis for up to six children in the licensed family abode of the person or persons under whose direct care and supervision the child is placed.

GROUP CARE” means the provision of a safe, healthful environment for youth in a 24-hour licensed facility for more than six children, which provides the basic needs of food, shelter, and the provision of therapeutic services required for the successful reunification of youth with their family resource.

"GUARDIAN" means that person or agency that (a) has been appointed as the guardian of a child in a legal proceeding other than a proceeding under chapter 13.34 RCW, and (b) has the right to legal custody of the child pursuant to such appointment. The term "guardian" does not include a "dependency guardian" appointed pursuant to a proceeding under Chapter 13.34 RCW. RCW 13.32A.030; 13.34.030

HEALTH & EDUCATION RECORD” means the entire array of data entry screens in the electronic data system, including the provider, education, behavior, counseling, and daily routine information entered by CA staff.

"IMMINENT RISK" means, for Intensive Family Preservation Services, when a decision has been made by the department that without intensive family preservation services, a petition requesting the removal of a child from the family home will be immediately filed under chapters 13.13A or 13.34 RCW, or that a voluntary placement agreement will be immediately initiated. 74.14C.010 RCW

"IMMINENT RISK OF SERIOUS HARM" (Used in Risk Only Intakes and coordination with law enforcement)

Imminent - Having the potential to occur at any moment, or there is substantial likelihood that harm will be experienced.

Risk of Serious Harm - A high likelihood of a child being abused or experiencing negligent treatment or maltreatment that could result in one or more of the following outcomes:

  • Death
  • Life endangering illness
  • Injury requiring medical attention
  • Substantial risk of injury to the physical, emotional, or cognitive development

"IMPENDING DANGER" means parenting behavior that is harmful and destructive to a child's cognitive, social, emotional or physical development that is likely to occur in the immediate or near future that could result in one of more of the following outcomes:

  • Death
  • Life endangering illness
  • Injury requiring medical attention
  • Serious or severe harm

INDIAN CHILD” means any unmarried and unemancipated person who is under age eighteen and is either (a) a member or citizen of an Indian tribe or (b) is eligible for membership or citizenship in an Indian tribe and is the biological child of a member/citizen of an Indian tribe. 25 U.S.C. § 1903 (4); 25 C.F.R. § 23.2. A child who meets this definition is subject to the Indian Child Welfare Act. 

INFORMED CONSENT” means the process by which the treating health care provider discloses appropriate information to a competent patient or their caregiver so that a decision can be made to accept or refuse treatment; including medications. It originates from the legal and ethical right the patient has to direct what happens to their body and from the ethical duty of the physician to involve the patient in their health care.

IN-HOME SERVICES” means services provided in the child’s home in lieu of out-of-home placement equivalent to the level of service intensity required to maintain the child in residential care.

"IN LOCO PARENTIS" A person who acts in the position of a parent of a child and who has assumed on an on-going basis a parent’s rights, duties and responsibilities towards the child. A person living in the home and participating in the day-to-day parenting decisions in one or more of the following:

  • Financial
  • Supervision
  • Decisions on where the child sleeps within the home
  • Discipline
  • Attending medical appointments
  • Attending school conferences

"INQUIRY ONLY CALLS" occur when someone contacts Children's Administration for the sole purpose of obtaining information and not for purposes of alleging CA/N or requesting services specific to CA.

"INTENSIVE FAMILY PRESERVATION SERVICES" means community-based services that are delivered primarily in the home, that follow intensive service models with demonstrated effectiveness in reducing or avoiding the need for unnecessary imminent out-of-home placement. RCW 74.14C.010

LEGALLY FREE -A child is legally free for adoption if the child has no legal parent, either because the parent has died or because parental rights have been terminated (through relinquishment or involuntary termination) by a court order.

"LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY" means individuals that are limited in their ability to read, write, or speak English or have a limited ability to speak or read English well enough to understand and communicate effectively.

LITIGATION is a civil claim or lawsuit alleging that certain kinds of harm or damages were caused by the State of Washington, its agencies, or state employees.

LITIGATION HOLD NOTICE is communication that instructs ‘affected individuals’ who are likely to have DCYF records pertaining to a legal issue to take immediate action to identify and preserve the records for future retrieval.

MEDICAL HISTORY” means health information on the child contained in the child’s case record, as required by the CA Practices and Procedures Guide, chapter 4000, section 43092, Health and Education Record.

MEDICAL NECESSITYFOR INPATIENT MENTAL HEALTH CARE” means a requested service which is reasonably calculated to: (a) diagnose, correct, cure, or alleviate a mental disorder; or (b) prevent the worsening of mental conditions that endanger life or cause suffering and pain, or result in illness or infirmity or threaten to cause or aggravate a handicap, or cause physical deformity or malfunction, and there is no adequate less restrictive alternative available. RCW 71.34.020

"MISSING CHILD" means any child under the care and authority of CA and the child's whereabouts are unknown and/or the child has left care without the permission of the child's caregiver or CA. This does not include children in dependency guardianship

"MONITORING" includes any activity that reviews and evaluates contractor performance and compliance with the terms, conditions, and requirements of a contract.

"MONITORING PLAN" means a written proposal for monitoring contractor(s) compliance with the contract requirements and obligations. The plan is based on the assessment of risk to the department and its clients as well as the performance of services by the contractor.

"NEAR FATALITY" means an act that, as certified by a physician, places the child in serious or critical condition. RCW 74.13.500

"NEAR VERBATIM" means in exactly the same words as were used originally.

"NEWBORN" or "NEONATE" means a child up to age 1 month (4 weeks old).

"ON-SITE REVIEW" is a contract monitoring activity that reviews and evaluates contractor performance and compliance with the terms, conditions, and requirements of a contract at the contractor’s place of business.

“ORIGINAL PLACEMENT DATE” or “ORIGINAL FOSTER CARE PLACEMENT”, for the purposes of the Social Security Act and federal regulations, means the date of the child’s most recent removal from the child’s home and placement into foster care under the care and responsibility of the state agency. 45 CFR 1356.21(k)

This definition applies both to children placed in foster care under a voluntary agreement and to those children under the state’s responsibility through court order. Therefore, the original date of placement, for purposes of Title IV-E and section 422 of Title IV-B, would be when the child is in foster care and the state has been given responsibility for care either through a voluntary placement agreement or a court adjudication. PIQ 83-06

"OUT-OF-HOME PLACEMENT or CARE" means a placement in a foster family home or group care facility or placement in a home, other than that of the child's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, not required to be licensed under 74.15 RCW. RCW 74.14C.010

"PARENT" means a biological parent or adoptive parent of a child or an individual who have an established parent-child relationship under RCW 26.26.101, unless the legal rights of that person have been terminated or paternity has been disestablished.


  1. Custodian - a person appointed by the parent, guardian, or court to provide care for a child.
  2. Guardian - a person appointed by the court to provide care or to supervise a child.
  3. Parent - is the prime person responsible for the care of a child and may include:
    1. Adoptive parent - a person the courts grant parental status, rights, and privileges for a child.
    2. Birth or natural parents - the persons, male and female, who conceived and gave birth to the child.
    3. Custodial parent - the parent with whom the child resides:
    4. Legal - a current court order designating a parent's right to the child's custody that may include:
      1. Joint custody.
      2. Parenting plans.
      3. Shared custody.
      4. Sole custody to one parent.
    5. Physical - the parent(s) with whom the child resides or is found.
  4. Stepparent - a person, not the child's parent, who is currently married to the child's parent.
  5. Caretaker - a person who has actual physical supervision responsibility for a child and may include any of the above parenting statuses or a person appointed to provide physical custody.

"PERIOD OF PURPLE CRYING" is a phrase used to describe the time in a baby's life when they cry more than any other time:

  1. The word "PURPLE" is an acronym that describes the characteristics of infant crying:
    1. Peak of Crying - Crying peaks during the second month, decreasing after that
    2. Unexpected - Crying comes and goes unexpectedly, for no apparent reason
    3. Resists Soothing - Crying may continue despite all soothing efforts by caregivers
      1. Encouragement of soothing has been shown to help in up to 50% of cases
    4. Pain-like Face - Infants look like they are in pain, even when they are not
    5. Long Lasting - Crying can go on for 30-40 minutes at a time, and often for much longer up to 5 hours in some cases
    6. Evening Crying - Crying occurs more in the late afternoon and evening
  2. The word "Period" informs caregivers that the crying is a temporary event.  

"PLACEMENT DECISION" means the decision to place, or to delay or deny the placement of, a child in a foster care or an adoptive home, and includes the decision of the agency or entity involved to seek the termination of birth parent rights or otherwise make a child legally available for adoptive placement. 42 USC 5115a

"PRESENT DANGER" means immediate, significant, and clearly observable severe harm or threat of severe harm occurring in the present.

"PRESERVATION SERVICES" means family preservation services and intensive family preservation services that consider the individual family's cultural values and needs. RCW 74.14C.010

"PREVENTIVE SERVICES" means preservation services, as defined in 74.14C RCW, and other reasonably available services capable of preventing the need for out-of-home placement while protecting the child. RCW 13.34.030

PRN” stands for pro re nata and means “As needed.”

"PROBATIONARY LICENSE" means a license issued as a disciplinary measure to an agency that has previously been issued a full license but is out of compliance with licensing standards. RCW 74.15.020

"PROTECTIVE ACTION" means an immediate short term response to control present danger observed at first contact with a family. Or at any time present danger is identified to manage the immediate threats to a child.

PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATION” means medication, the prescribed intent of which is to affect or alter thought processes, mood, sleep, or behavior, including, but not limited to, anti-psychotic, antidepressant, and anxiolytic medications. The classification of a medication depends on its stated, intended effect when prescribed because it may have many different effects. Examples of some such medications are:

  • Amitriptyline/Elavil
  • Desipramine/Norpramine
  • Amoxapine/Asendin
  • Imipramine/Tofranil
  • Trimipramine/Surmontil
  • Fluoxetine/Prozac
  • Sertraline/Zoloft
  • Phenelzine/Nardil
  • Isocarboxazid/Marplan
  • Burpropion/Wellbutrin
  • Carbamazepine/Tegretol
  • Lithium/Eskalith or Lithobid
  • Chlordiazepoxide/Librium
  • Diasepam/Valium
  • Lorazepam/Ativan
  • Propranolol/Inderal
  • Chlorpromazine/Thorazine
  • Halperiodal/Haldol
  • Trifluoperazine/Stelazine
  • Thioridazine/Mellaril
  • Methylphenidate/Ritalin
  • Pemoline/Cylert
  • Amphetamine Sulfate/Amphetamine

"QUALITY ASSURANCE" measures compliance against standards and informs continuous quality improvement.

PUBLIC RECORDS are any writings related to the performance or conduct of government, that was prepared, owned, used, or retained by any state or local agency regardless of physical form or characteristics per RCW 42.56.010 (3).

RECORDS are any documents or recorded information regardless of physical form or characteristics created, sent, organized, or received by the DCYF in the course of public business including paper documents, email, drawings, graphs, charts, video tapes, photographs, phone records, data compilations, planners, calendars, diaries, draft documents, electronically stored information (ESI), and Metadata.

REASONABLE AND PRUDENT PARENTING STANDARD means the standard characterized by careful and sensible parental decisions that maintain the health, safely, and best interests of a child while at the same time encouraging the emotional and developmental growth of the child, that a caregiver or designated official for a child care institution shall use when determining whether to allow a child in foster care to participate in extracurricular, enrichment, cultural, and social activities. (See Caregiver Guidelines For Foster Childhood Activities).

The term ‘age or developmentally-appropriate’ means:

  1. Activities or items that are generally accepted as suitable for children of the same chronological age or level of maturity or that are determined to be developmentally-appropriate for a child, based on the development of cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral capacities that are typical for an age or age group; and
  2. In the case of a specific child, activities or items that are suitable for the child based on the developmental stages attained by the child with respect to the cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral capacities of the child.

"RELATIVE" From 74.15.010 (2) (a) (i-vi): Persons related to the child, expectant mother, or person with developmental disability in the following ways:

  1. Any blood relative, including those of half-blood, and including first cousins, second cousins, nephews or nieces, and persons of preceding generations as denoted by prefixes of grand, great, or great-great;
  2. Stepfather, stepmother, stepbrother, and stepsister;
  3. A person who legally adopts a child or the child's parent as well as the natural and other legally adopted children of such persons, and other relatives of the adoptive parents in accordance with state law;
  4. Spouses of any persons named in 1, 2 or 3 above, even after the marriage is terminated;
  5. Relatives, as named in 1, 2, 3 or 4 or of any half sibling of the child, or
  6. Extended family members, as defined by the law or custom of the Indian child's tribe or, in the absence of such law or custom, a person who has reached the age of eighteen and who is the Indian child's grandparent, aunt or uncle, brother or sister, brother-in-law or sister-in-law, niece or nephew, first or second cousin, or stepparent who provides care in the family abode on a twenty-four-hour basis to an Indian child as defined in 25 U.S.C. Sec. 1903(4).

RESIDENTIAL CARE” is a generic term for group care, residential treatment, and treatment foster care.

RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT SERVICES”: See “After-Care Services,” “Continuum of Care,” “Group Care,” In-Home Services,” “Residential Care,” “Staffed Treatment Foster Care,” and “Treatment Foster Care.”

"RUNAWAY" is a juvenile who leaves and remains away from home without parental permission. (This definition is taken from “The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act”.)"SAFE" child means children are considered safe when there is no present danger or impending danger threats or the caregiver's protective capacities control all known safety threats.

"SAFE HAVEN (Safety of Newborn Children Act)" Allows a parent to transfer (abandon) a newborn anonymously and without criminal liability at a hospital emergency room, fire station or federally designated rural health clinic if open and personnel are present to accept the child.

"SAFETY THRESHOLD" means the criteria that must be met in the family's situation to determine that a vulnerable child is unsafe. Criteria include threats to safety that 1) are observable and specific, 2) immediate or near future, 3) out of control, 4) have the potential for severe impacts, there is a vulnerable child 5) there is a vulnerable child.

"SECURE FACILITY" means a crisis residential center, or portion thereof, that has locking doors, locking windows, or a secured perimeter, designed and operated to prevent a child from leaving without permission of the facility staff. RCW 13.32A.030

"SERIOUS INJURY" of a child client is an injury requiring professional and medical treatment (beyond first aid).

"SERVICE AGREEMENT" means a formal written description of services to be provided or performed. Agreements are developed by the social worker with the parent and/or the court and any child over age 13 who is to receive or participate in services.

SEX TRAFFICKING” means the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.

“SEX TRAFFICKING VICTIM” (Commercially Sexually Exploited Child)  means any child or youth over whom the State/Tribal agency has responsibility for placement, care, or supervision and who the agency has reasonable cause to believe is, or is at risk or being, a sex trafficking victim (including children for whom an agency has an open case file but who have not been removed from the home, children who have run away from foster care and who have not attained 18 years of age or such older age as the State has elected under section 475(8) of this the Act, and youth who are not in foster care but are receiving services under this section.

"SEXUALLY EXPLOITED YOUTH" means any person under the age of eighteen who is a victim of one of the following crimes:

  • Commercial sexual abuse of a minor (RCW 9.68A.100),
  • Promoting commercial sexual abuse of a minor (RCW 9.68A.101) or
  • Promoting travel for commercial sexual abuse of a minor (RCW 9.68A.102)

“SPECIAL NEEDS” means the specific factors or conditions that apply to the child and that may prevent the child from being adopted unless the department provides adoption support services.

STAFFED TREATMENT FOSTER CARE” means a licensed treatment foster care where the foster parents are professional staff who are hired to provide 24-hour supervision to six or less children residing in a foster home-like setting.

"SUBSTANCE-AFFECTED NEWBORN" means a newborn child who has withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal substance exposure and/or demonstrates physical or behavioral signs that can be attributed to prenatal exposure to substances.

"SUBSTANCE-EXPOSED NEWBORN" means a newborn child who tests positive for substance(s) at birth, or the mother tests positive for substance(s) at the time of delivery or the newborn is identified by a medical practitioner as having been prenatally exposed to substance(s).

"TEMPORARY OUT-OF-HOME PLACEMENT" means an out-of-home placement of not more than 14 days ordered by a court at a fact-finding hearing on a child in need of services (CHINS) petition. RCW 13.32A.030

TREATMENT FOSTER CARE” means a program designed for children, youth, and their families whose special needs are provided through services delivered primarily by treatment foster parents trained, supervised, and supported by agency staff. In addition to the provision of a safe, healthful environment, foster parents are expected to be members of the treatment team and to perform tasks which are central to the treatment process in a manner consistent with the child’s treatment plan.

"UNEXPECTED DEATH OF A MINOR" means a death not resulting from a diagnosed terminal illness or other debilitating or deteriorating illness or condition where death is anticipated.

UNFOUNDED” means available information indicates that, more likely than not, child abuse or neglect did not occur. Chapter 26.44.020

"UNSAFE" child means children are considered unsafe when they are vulnerable to present or impending danger and caregiver(s) is unable or unwilling to provide protection.

“WRAPAROUND WITH INTENSIVE SERVICES (WISe)” means intensive mental health services and supports, provided in home and community settings, for Medicaid eligible individuals, up to 21 years of age, with complex behavioral health needs and their families. These services are provided by community mental health agencies.

WRITING is handwritten, typed, printed, photographed, and every other means of recording any form of communication. This includes papers, video or audio recordings, and any other documents that information may be obtained or translated per RCW 42.56.010(4).