Eligibility for Indian Tribes and Tribal Organizations

Tribes with an approved Title IV-E plan have the option to use Title IV-E funds for prevention services and programs. Health and Human Services (HHS) will specify the requirements applicable to tribes, which will be consistent with state requirements, to the extent possible, but allow for cultural adaptation that best fits the context of the tribal community.

HHS will provide technical assistance and best practices to states and tribes on the prevention services and programs, including how to plan and implement a well-designed and rigorous evaluation of promising, supported, or well-supported practices. HHS will evaluate research on promising, supported and well-supported practices and establish a clearinghouse of these practices and their outcomes. HHS may also collect data and conduct evaluations on the prevention services and programs to assess how these services are reducing the likelihood of foster care placement, increasing the use of kinship care placements, or improving child well-being.

Supporting and Retaining Foster Families for Children

Creates under Title IV-B, Subpart 2, competitive grants ($8 million in FY2018 that remain available through FY2022) to states and tribes to support the recruitment and retention of high quality foster families to help place more children in foster family homes. The grants will be focused on states and tribes that have the highest percentage of children in non-family settings.

Improving the John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program

If a state has unspent Chafee funds remaining (i.e. at the end of the two-year period that funds are available to them), HHS can make those available to redistribute to other states that apply for additional funds, as long as HHS determines that those states will use the funds for the purposes stated. The amount redistributed to the states will be based on the “state foster care ratio” (i.e. the number of children in foster care in one state compared to the overall number of children in foster care nationally). Tribes can also participate.

Improving the Regional Partnership Grants to Help Families Affected by Substance Abuse

Amends the Regional Grant Partnership (RGP) in Title IV-B, Subpart 2, by specifying the various partners that need to be a part of the collaborative agreement (interstate, state, or intrastate), including:

  • The mandatory partners for all partnership grants, which must include the state child welfare agency and the state agency responsible for administering the substance abuse prevention and treatment block grant
  • The mandatory partners for partnership grants that serve children in out-of-home care, which must include the appropriate courts that work with these families.
  • The optional partners, which may include Indian tribes, tribal consortium, nonprofit and for-profit child welfare service providers, community health and mental health providers, law enforcement, school personnel, tribal child welfare agencies and any others related to provision of services under the partnership.

Tribes entering into a RGP may (but are not required to) include the state child welfare agency as a partner, but are not allowed to partner only with tribal child welfare agencies. If the tribe is working in a partnership grant that serves children in out-of-home care they may include a tribal court in lieu of other judicial partners.

More Information

For more specific information on Family First Prevention Services Act, see the Administration for Children and Families program instructions.