Overview of Compliance Monitoring Requirements
The WA-PCJJ administers block grant funds from the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice, to the state of Washington. These funds are contingent on compliance with the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA). The Office of Juvenile Justice is the staff agency that supports the WA-PCJJ and is responsible for monitoring all adult jails and lock-ups, juvenile detention centers, and Juvenile Rehabilitation Institutions for compliance with JJDPA and RCW 13.04.116.
The JJDPA requires the collection of data and monitoring of all secure facilities that hold juveniles, including all Police and Sheriff Departments that may hold juveniles in secure custody. OJJ staff monitor all facilities once every three years.
Federal and State Law
The JJDPA and RCW 13.04.116 specify that juveniles accused of a delinquent offense may be held in a secure location, other than juvenile detention, no longer than six hours, pursuant to a lawful detention in the course of an investigation, provided that the confinement is separate from the sight and sound of adult inmates.
The OJJDP Compliance Guidance Manual states an accused delinquent juvenile can be detained for up to six hours for the purposes of processing, release or transfer to a juvenile facility; and an accused or adjudicated delinquent juvenile could be detained for up to six hours before a court appearance and up to an additional six hours after a court appearance. Under this exception, the juvenile cannot have sight or sound contact with adult inmates during the time the juvenile is in a secure custody status in the adult lockup or jail.
Juveniles held pursuant to a status offense, including those returned on a court order for contempt or a probation violation cannot be held in secure custody for any length of time.
Facilities to be Monitored
Currently there are 146 adult facilities statewide that have the ability to securely detain and may temporarily hold juveniles, and an additional 69 facilities that are also secure but certify by policy they do not hold juveniles, totaling 215 secure facilities.
There are 22 juvenile detention centers statewide. Twenty-one are county operated and maintained by the juvenile courts, and one is a regional center maintained by a consortium of counties. Juveniles from all 39 counties are held in these 22 facilities if detained. Juveniles are held in local detention facilities either to await court hearings or as part of their sentence.
There are two secure crisis residential centers (CRCs) located within the detention centers of Clallam and Chelan Counties. These secure CRCs are monitored along with their detention centers once every three years.
DCYF operates three secure juvenile residential facilities in the State of Washington. OJJ staff monitor a minimum of one JR facility annually for compliance with the JJDPA.